Aldara is a brand name for a prescription medication containing the active ingredient Imiquimod. It belongs to a class of drugs called immune response modifiers. Aldara is primarily used topically for the treatment of certain skin conditions, including actinic keratosis, superficial basal cell carcinoma, and external genital and perianal warts caused by certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV).
When applied to the affected area, Aldara stimulates the immune system and triggers the release of certain chemicals that help fight against abnormal cells or viral infections. It works by enhancing the body's natural immune response, which leads to the destruction of abnormal skin cells or the elimination of warts.
Aldara is usually available as a cream, which is applied directly to the affected skin area once daily. The treatment duration and frequency may vary depending on the condition being treated. It is important to carefully follow the prescribed instructions and advice from a healthcare professional to maximize the medication's effectiveness and minimize the risk of side effects.
Common side effects of Aldara can include skin reactions at the application site, such as itching, redness, flaking, or scabbing. In some cases, flu-like symptoms, headache, or local pain may also occur. Serious side effects are rare, but may include severe skin reactions, allergic reactions, or systemic immune-related reactions.
Aldara should only be used under the guidance and supervision of a healthcare provider, who will assess the suitability of the medication for an individual's specific condition and provide appropriate dosage instructions.