Alsatian is a noun that refers to a breed of large and intelligent dog, also known as the German Shepherd dog. The term 'Alsatian' is derived from the French region of Alsace, which, historically, belonged to Germany before being ceded to France after World War I. Alsatians are renowned for their versatility, loyalty, and trainability, making them an ideal breed for various roles such as police, military, and search and rescue work.
Alsatians typically possess a well-muscled and athletic build, with a straight back and a double coat that may be either long or short. Their coat colors can vary, commonly showcasing black and tan, black, or sable combinations. These dogs have a noble and confident bearing, displaying sharp and attentive eyes, erect ears, and a strong overall appearance.
Due to their intelligence and adaptability, Alsatians are highly trainable, making them exceptional working dogs. With proper training and socialization, they can excel in obedience, protection, tracking, and other activities. Additionally, they are known for being excellent family dogs, as they are protective, loyal, and loving towards their owners and families.
It is worth noting that the use of the term 'Alsatian' to refer to this breed has become less common in recent years, and the name 'German Shepherd' is now universally recognized. Nevertheless, the term 'Alsatian' still carries historical significance and may occasionally be used to describe the breed, particularly in certain regions or contexts.
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The word "alsatian" refers to a breed of dog that is also known as the German Shepherd. Its etymology can be traced back to the region of Alsace, which is located in eastern France. However, the word "alsatian" is not actually of French origin but rather of English creation.
During World War I, anti-German sentiment was prevalent in many English-speaking countries. At that time, the German Shepherd breed became widely popular and was known as the "Alsatian wolf dog" in the English-speaking world, as Alsace was then part of Germany. This name was used to avoid using the word "German" in the breed's name.
It was only later, in 1977, that the Kennel Club in the United Kingdom officially changed the breed's name back to German Shepherd.