How Do You Spell ERLITOU?

Pronunciation: [ˈɜːlɪtˌuː] (IPA)

The spelling of the word "erlitou" may seem complex to some, but it actually follows a straightforward phonetic pattern. In IPA transcription, this word is pronounced as /ɚlɪtoʊ/. The first syllable is a schwa sound, represented by the upside-down e, while the second syllable has a short "i" sound. The "tou" ending features the diphthongal sound of "ou", which transitions from an "o" to a "u" sound. Despite its unusual spelling, "erlitou" is actually quite easy to pronounce when broken down using IPA transcription.

ERLITOU Meaning and Definition

  1. Erlitou refers to an important archaeological site located in central China, specifically in the Yanshi District of Henan Province. The term "Erlitou" can be used to describe three distinct elements: an ancient city, a cultural phase, and a Bronze Age archaeological culture.

    As an ancient city, Erlitou denotes the remains of a prehistoric urban settlement, believed to have been the political, economic, and cultural center of the Erlitou culture. It dates back to approximately 1900-1500 BCE, making it one of the earliest large-scale urban settlements in China.

    In terms of a cultural phase, Erlitou represents a transitional period between the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age in ancient China. It is characterized by the emergence of advanced bronze metallurgy, social complexity, stratification, and increase in agricultural production.

    Lastly, as a Bronze Age archaeological culture, Erlitou refers to the material artifacts, architectural structures, and burial practices associated with this ancient Chinese civilization. Archaeological excavations have revealed palace foundations, city walls, tombs, ritual sites, bronze tools, pottery, jade artifacts, and ornate bronze vessels, all of which provide valuable insights into the technological, economic, religious, and artistic achievements of the Erlitou culture.

    Overall, the term "Erlitou" encompasses an archaeological site, cultural phase, and Bronze Age civilization that played a pivotal role in shaping the early development of Chinese civilization, marking a crucial transition from Neolithic to Bronze Age societies.

Etymology of ERLITOU

The word "Erlitou" is an archaeological site located in Henan Province, China. It was named after the village where it was discovered, known as Erlitou. The term "Erlitou" itself does not have a specific etymology in the Chinese language as it likely originated from a local or regional name. However, it became significant in archaeological discussions as it refers to the site where the remains of an ancient city were found, dating back to the Xia dynasty in Chinese history.