How Do You Spell EXON?

Pronunciation: [ɛɡzˈɒn] (IPA)

The spelling of the word "exon" comes from the IPA phonetic transcription. It is spelled as /ˈɛksɒn/. This word is commonly used in the field of biology to refer to a segment of a DNA molecule that contains the necessary information for coding proteins. The correct spelling of the word is important, as any deviation can cause confusion in the understanding of genetic structures and processes. It is advisable to learn the correct spelling of scientific terms to avoid any errors, especially when discussing research findings.

EXON Meaning and Definition

  1. An exon is a fundamental element of genetic material known as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). It is a specific region within a gene that contains coding information, i.e., sequences that are transcribed into RNA and translated into protein during the process of gene expression. Exons are important components of genes, as they contribute to the formation of protein-coding sequences.

    DNA consists of many different genes, and each gene is composed of a series of exons and introns. Exons are the parts of the gene that contain the information required to produce a functional protein. They are typically found in longer sequences and tend to be conserved across different organisms or species. Exons often include specific characteristics, such as the presence of start and stop codons, splicing sites, and regulatory elements that influence gene expression.

    During the process of gene expression, the DNA is transcribed into RNA. Before the RNA can be translated into protein, it undergoes a process called splicing, where the introns (non-coding regions) are removed, and the exons are joined together. This splicing process ensures that only the coding regions of genes are retained, and the non-functional parts are discarded.

    In summary, exons are essential components of genes that contain the coding information necessary for protein synthesis. They play a crucial role in gene expression and the production of functional proteins.

Common Misspellings for EXON

Etymology of EXON

The word "exon" originates from the field of molecular biology, specifically from the term "exon/intron" which refers to two different regions of genes.

The term "exon" was coined by Walter Gilbert in 1978. It is a shortened form of "exogenous region" or "exogenous coding region". The prefix "ex-" means "out of" or "away from", indicating that exons are the coding regions of genes that are expressed or translated into protein.

In contrast, introns are non-coding regions within genes. The term "intron" is derived from "intragenic region" or "intragenous region". The prefix "in-" denotes "within" or "inside", reflecting that introns are portions of genes that are transcribed but not translated.

Together, exons and introns define the structure of genes in eukaryotic organisms.

Similar spelling words for EXON

Plural form of EXON is EXONS


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