How Do You Spell GENE?

Pronunciation: [d͡ʒˈiːn] (IPA)

Gene is a fundamental unit of heredity that determines various characteristics of an organism. The spelling of the word "gene" is a single syllable with a soft 'g' sound represented by the IPA symbol [dʒin]. The 'g' is pronounced as a voiced palato-alveolar affricate, created by blocking the airflow at the roof of the mouth (palate) before releasing it through a narrow opening with tongue touching the alveolar ridge. The 'e' at the end is pronounced with a schwa sound represented as [ə].

GENE Meaning and Definition

  1. A gene is a fundamental unit of heredity that is responsible for the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next. It is a specific segment of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) located on a chromosome, and it contains the instructions for building and controlling the structures and functions of living organisms. Genes play a crucial role in determining an individual's traits, physical characteristics, and susceptibility to certain diseases.

    Each gene consists of a specific sequence of nucleotides (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine) that provide the genetic code. This code determines the order and arrangement of amino acids during protein synthesis, leading to the formation of specific proteins. Proteins are the building blocks of cells and perform various functions within the body, such as catalyzing chemical reactions, transporting molecules, and providing structural support.

    Genes are inherited from both parents and are passed down through generations. They can undergo mutations, which are changes in their DNA sequence, resulting in genetic variations. Mutations can have diverse effects, ranging from no discernible impact to causing genetic disorders or conferring advantageous traits.

    Genes are not only present in humans but also in all living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms. The study of genes and their functions is known as genetics and plays a vital role in understanding the mechanisms of heredity, evolution, and the development of new medical treatments and interventions.

Top Common Misspellings for GENE *

* The statistics data for these misspellings percentages are collected from over 15,411,110 spell check sessions on from Jan 2010 - Jun 2012.

Other Common Misspellings for GENE

Etymology of GENE

The word "gene" is derived from the Greek word "génos" (γένος), meaning "race" or "kind". It was coined by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in the early 20th century. Johannsen used the term "gene" to describe the discrete hereditary units that are responsible for the transmission of traits from parents to offspring, thereby introducing the concept of genetics and laying the foundation for modern genetic research.

Idioms with the word GENE

  • gene ac·ti·va·tion Gene activation refers to the process by which a gene is turned on and starts producing a specific protein or RNA molecule. This can be triggered by various factors such as environmental stimuli, hormones, or other proteins, and is essential for the regulation of gene expression and proper functioning of cells and organisms.

Similar spelling words for GENE

Plural form of GENE is GENES


Add the infographic to your website: