Pronunciation: [ɡɔ͡ɪdˈɛlɪk lˈaŋɡwɪd͡ʒɪz] (IPA)

The spelling of "Goidelic languages" can be confusing due to its unusual combination of letters. The word is pronounced /ɡɔɪˈdɛlɪk/, with the first syllable pronounced like "goi" and the second syllable pronounced like "Delic" (as in "delicious"). The letter combination "oi" can be pronounced like a long "o" sound, as in the word "boil". The Goidelic languages include Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx. Understanding the IPA phonetic transcription can help in correctly spelling and pronouncing this complex word.

GOIDELIC LANGUAGES Meaning and Definition

  1. The Goidelic languages, also known as Gaelic languages, are a group of related Celtic languages that share historical and linguistic roots. These languages belong to the larger Celtic language family and are primarily spoken in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man. The three main Goidelic languages are Irish Gaelic (also referred to as simply Irish or Gaeilge), Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig), and Manx (Gaelg).

    Goidelic languages are characterized by their distinctive grammatical structures, sound systems, and vocabulary. They are classified as Insular Celtic languages, as they developed in the British Isles, separate from the Continental Celtic languages found on mainland Europe. Goidelic languages have a long and rich history, with roots tracing back to the ancient Celts who inhabited the region.

    Irish Gaelic is the most widely spoken of the Goidelic languages and has official status in the Republic of Ireland. Scottish Gaelic is spoken primarily in Scotland, particularly in the Highlands and Islands. Manx, on the other hand, became extinct as a native language in the late 18th century but has since experienced a revival.

    Despite their similarities, Goidelic languages also have distinct regional variations, dialects, and written forms. They have a significant cultural and historical importance, serving as a means of communication, preserving traditions, and fostering a strong sense of identity among their respective speakers. With efforts to revitalize and promote their use, the Goidelic languages continue to play a vital role in the cultural heritage of the Gaelic-speaking communities.


The word "Goidelic" is derived from the Latin term "Goidel", which was used to describe the early Celtic-speaking peoples of Ireland and Scotland. The Celtic languages spoken in these regions are classified into two branches: Goidelic and Brythonic.

The term "Goidelic" was introduced to linguistics by Edmund Hogan, an Irish language scholar, in the late 19th century. Hogan proposed using the term to refer to the branch of Celtic languages consisting of Old Irish, Middle Irish, and Modern Irish. The Goidelic branch is characterized by certain linguistic features that distinguish it from the Brythonic languages, such as the mutation of initial consonants, a different phonetic inventory, and distinct grammatical structures.