IBI, acronym for Identifier-based Indirect Taxation, refers to a system of taxation where taxes are levied based on unique identifiers associated with goods or services rather than the traditional methods such as transaction value or physical location. It is a concept applied in the field of indirect taxation and is especially relevant in the context of digital transactions.
The core principle of IBI is that each product or service is assigned a unique identifier, which could be a code or a number. This identifier enables tax authorities to track and levy taxes on the item throughout its journey in the supply chain, regardless of the parties involved or the location of the transaction. As a result, IBI simplifies the tax collection process, minimizes tax evasion, and ensures fair and equal taxation given that all individuals or businesses involved are subject to the same tax rules.
IBI is especially applicable in the digital economy, where traditional tax systems struggle due to their reliance on physical presence or transaction value. In this context, IBI enables tax authorities to effectively collect taxes on digital transactions, ensuring that businesses operating online are subject to the same tax obligations as those operating through brick-and-mortar establishments.
By implementing IBI, governments can overcome the challenges posed by the digital economy, enhance tax compliance, and ensure a fair and efficient taxation system. However, the implementation of IBI requires robust technological infrastructure, strong collaboration among different stakeholders, and clear regulations to ensure the accuracy, security, and privacy of the data collected through the unique identifiers.