Inoscopy, a term derived from Greek roots "ino-" meaning fiber or thread, and "skopein" meaning to observe or examine, refers to a medical procedure used to visualize and examine the inner structures of the urinary bladder. It is a diagnostic technique that allows the inspection of the bladder's lining to identify any abnormalities or pathologies.
During an inoscopy, a thin, flexible tube called a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra and passed into the bladder. The cystoscope comprises a light source and a camera that transmits real-time images from inside the bladder to a monitor, enabling the healthcare professional to visually assess the condition of the bladder wall and its associated structures. Additionally, the cystoscope may be equipped with channels to facilitate the insertion of surgical instruments for interventions like tissue biopsy or stone removal.
Inoscopy is commonly performed to investigate and diagnose various urinary tract disorders such as bladder inflammation (cystitis), bladder tumors, urinary stone formation, bladder infections, and structural abnormalities. It aids in the identification of any anomalies or irregularities that might not be detected through other imaging techniques. The procedure is typically conducted under local anesthesia in an outpatient setting.
Overall, inoscopy plays a crucial role in the accurate diagnosis and assessment of bladder conditions, providing valuable information for appropriate treatment decisions and management plans.