Ioras is a plural noun that refers to a group of small, colorful birds belonging to the family Aegithinidae. These birds are primarily found in South and Southeast Asia, inhabiting dense forests, woodlands, and sometimes gardens. With a size ranging between 15 to 25 centimeters in length, ioras are known for their vibrant plumage, which typically features a combination of bright yellow, green, and black feathers, varied among species.
In terms of appearance, ioras have slender bodies and relatively long tails. They have hooked beaks, allowing them to catch insects and small invertebrates, which make up a significant portion of their diet. Additionally, some species of ioras are known to feed on small fruits and nectar.
Ioras are renowned for their melodious and melodically repetitive songs, which they use for communication and territory marking. These songs typically consist of high-pitched whistling and warbling notes, making them easily identifiable. These birds are highly active and agile, frequently flitting about trees and shrubs in search of food or mates.
Among the notable species of ioras is the Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia), which is distinguished by its striking black and yellow plumage, and the Marshall's Iora (Aegithina nigrolutea), characterized by its greenish-yellow hue. Despite their charming appearance, ioras are relatively inconspicuous and can sometimes be challenging to spot due to their small size and preference for dense vegetation.