IV, short for intravenous, refers to the administration or delivery of substances directly into a patient's vein. It is a method commonly used in medical settings to introduce fluids, medications, or nutrients into the bloodstream. The term "IV" is derived from the Latin words "intra" which means "within", and "vena" which means "vein".
Administering substances intravenously offers several advantages, including rapid absorption, accurate dosage, and immediate therapeutic effects. The process involves inserting a needle or a catheter into a vein, typically in the arm or hand, and connecting it to a tube that is attached to a bag or syringe containing the desired substance. The substance is then slowly released into the patient's bloodstream, allowing it to circulate throughout the body.
IV therapy is commonly employed in situations where oral medications cannot be effectively absorbed, when rapid action is required, or when the patient is unable to take medications orally. It is often used in emergency situations, during surgeries, or for patients who are severely dehydrated or malnourished.
Although IV therapy is generally safe and effective, it is not without potential risks and complications such as infection, infiltration, phlebitis, or air embolism. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to follow proper protocols when administering IV treatments and closely monitor patients during the procedure.
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The word "IV" is derived from the Latin term "intra venosum", which means "into the vein". "IV" is an abbreviation for "intravenous", which refers to the method of delivering medications or fluids into the body through a vein.