Pronunciation: [klˈɔːɹɐmfənˌɪkɒl] (IPA)

The word "Kloramfenikol" is a medication used to treat bacterial infections. Its spelling may seem daunting, but it can be broken down using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) transcription. The first syllable is pronounced as "klo-," with a short "o" sound followed by the "l" sound. The second syllable contains the consonant blend "mf" and the vowel sound "e" as in "bed," pronounced "fen." The final syllable is pronounced with a long "i" sound followed by "kohl." So, "Kloramfenikol" is pronounced as kloh-ram-fen-ih-kohl.

KLORAMFENIKOL Meaning and Definition

  1. Kloramfenikol, also known as Chloramphenicol, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used in medical and veterinary practices for the treatment of various bacterial infections. It is classified as a bacteriostatic antibiotic, meaning it inhibits the growth and replication of bacteria rather than killing them outright.

    Chloramphenicol is effective against several types of bacteria, including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. It acts by inhibiting protein synthesis within bacterial cells, specifically by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit. This prevents the formation of peptide bonds necessary for the construction of bacterial proteins, ultimately disrupting essential cellular processes and inhibiting bacterial growth.

    The drug is commonly administered orally, intravenously, or applied topically depending on the severity and type of infection being treated. It has a slow elimination rate and is metabolized in the liver before being excreted primarily through urine and bile.

    While Chloramphenicol is an effective antibiotic against a wide range of bacteria, its usage has become more limited due to severe adverse effects and the development of resistance in some bacterial strains. It can lead to potentially fatal conditions such as aplastic anemia, which is why it is strictly regulated and often used as a second-line treatment option. Moreover, resistance to Chloramphenicol has also been reported in some bacteria due to the production of enzymes that can inactivate the drug.

    In conclusion, Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic antibiotic widely used in medical and veterinary practices to treat bacterial infections. Although effective, caution must be exercised due to potential severe adverse effects and the emergence of resistance.

Common Misspellings for KLORAMFENIKOL


The word "Kloramfenikol" is derived from a combination of several elements:

1. "Klor" comes from the chemical element "chlorine", derived from the Greek word "khlōros" meaning "pale green" or "yellowish-green".

2. "Amfenikol" is a term that refers to a specific class of antibiotic drugs. It is derived from "amino" (related to "ammonia" and "amine", referring to a type of organic compound) and "fenol" (meaning "phenol", a type of organic compound).

Therefore, "Kloramfenikol" can be understood as a compound word combining "chlorine" and "amfenikol", reflecting the presence of chlorine in the chemical structure of the antibiotic.