Pronunciation: [lʊwˈɛlɪn ˈap ɡɹˈʌfʌd] (IPA)

The Welsh name "Llywelyn ap Gruffudd" may seem difficult to spell at first glance. However, with the help of IPA phonetic transcription, one can break down the pronunciation. Firstly, "Llywelyn" is pronounced as "ɬəˈwɛlɪn", with the double "ll" in Welsh producing a voiceless alveolar lateral fricative. Meanwhile, "ap Gruffudd" is pronounced as "ap ˈɡrɪfɪð", with "ap" meaning "son of" and "Gruffudd" pronounced with a voiced velar fricative in the middle. Understanding the phonetic transcription can help improve spelling accuracy.

LLYWELYN AP GRUFFUDD Meaning and Definition

  1. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd was a Welsh prince who ruled during the late 13th century. His name translates to "Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd" in English. Llywelyn belonged to the royal House of Aberffraw, which held the title of Prince of Gwynedd and dominated much of Wales during this period. He is often referred to by his more commonly known name, Llywelyn the Last.

    Llywelyn ap Gruffudd was born in 1223 and ascended to power in 1258 following the death of his uncle, Dafydd ap Llywelyn. He proved to be a skilled and formidable ruler, successfully expanding his territories in Wales and gaining recognition from other European powers.

    During his reign, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd faced numerous conflicts with the English crown, particularly with King Edward I. These confrontations culminated in the First and Second Wars of Welsh Independence, where Llywelyn attempted to maintain Welsh autonomy and resist English domination. However, in 1282, Llywelyn was ultimately defeated and killed in battle, effectively ending Welsh independence.

    Llywelyn ap Gruffudd is often considered a heroic figure in Welsh history, representing the last significant effort to preserve Welsh independence before the country became integrated into the Kingdom of England. His legacy and sacrifice for Welsh freedom are remembered as pivotal events in the struggle for Welsh identity and self-governance.