Lunar refers to anything that is related to or characteristic of the moon. Deriving from the Latin word "luna" which means moon, the term lunar is primarily used as an adjective to describe various aspects associated with Earth's only natural satellite.
One common usage is in the context of lunar cycles, also known as moon phases. The lunar cycle refers to the continuous sequence of changes the moon's appearance undergoes as seen from Earth due to the variation in its relative position to the sun. This cycle consists of eight distinct phases, including new moon, crescent moon, first quarter moon, gibbous moon, and full moon.
Furthermore, lunar can also describe phenomena, events, or missions related to the moon. For example, lunar eclipses occur when the Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon, casting a shadow on its surface. Similarly, lunar landings or lunar missions refer to successful spacecrafts or human expeditions that have landed on the moon's surface, such as the historic Apollo missions.
In a broader sense, lunar can be used metaphorically or poetically to describe something that evokes or resembles the calm, celestial, or mysterious qualities often associated with the moon. This can apply to various artistic or literary descriptions, such as describing a person's "lunar beauty" or a "lunar landscape."
Overall, the term lunar encompasses a range of meanings and applications, all tied to the moon or its celestial characteristics.
* The statistics data for these misspellings percentages are collected from over 15,411,110 spell check sessions on www.spellchecker.net from Jan 2010 - Jun 2012.
The word "lunar" originated from the Latin word "lunar", which in turn came from the Latin word "luna", meaning "moon". The term ultimately goes back to the Proto-Indo-European root "*leuk-", which signifies "light, brightness", and is also the source of the word "light". This connection reflects the association of the moon with its reflective light, as it illuminates the night sky.