Luxus is a noun that refers to an extravagance or excessive expenditure on luxurious and expensive items and services, often associated with comfort, pleasure, or social status. It is commonly used to describe a state of abundance or opulence, typically characterized by the possession of high-quality goods, lavish decorations, or indulgent experiences.
The term may also encompass the manifestation of material wealth in the form of luxurious lifestyles, fancy possessions, or lavish habits. Luxus can refer to the act of indulging in luxury, as well as the products or services themselves that are sought after for their exclusivity, elegance, or rarity.
Luxus is often associated with the upper echelons of society or those individuals who have achieved a high level of financial success. It denotes a certain level of affluence and the ability to afford extravagant desires. The pursuit or display of luxus can be seen as a reflection of personal taste, refinement, and a desire for elevated standards of living.
However, it is important to note that the concept of luxus is subjective and varies across cultures, eras, and individuals. What may be considered luxurious in one context might not be perceived the same way in another. Therefore, the definition and understanding of luxus depend on societal values, personal preferences, and the available resources within a specific context.
The word "luxus" originated from Latin and it has been borrowed directly from Latin into various languages, including English. In Latin, "luxus" means "excess" or "extravagance". It is derived from the Latin adjective "luxus" or "luxe" which means "luxurious" or "sumptuous". This adjective is believed to have descended from the Latin noun "luxuria" meaning "excess" or "extravagance". The Latin word "luxuria" itself is derived from the Latin verb "luxare" which means "to shine" or "to be brilliant". Over time, the meaning of "luxus" evolved from simply denoting lavishness or extravagance to also encompass ideas of opulence and pleasure.