Maneh is a colloquial, informal term used primarily in Persian-speaking countries, particularly Iran, to refer to the national currency, the Iranian rial (IRR). The word maneh is derived from the ancient Persian word "mana," which originally referred to a unit of weight or an exchange of goods. Over time, the term evolved to specifically denote a unit of currency.
The maneh has been the standard monetary unit in Iran for many centuries. It has seen fluctuations in value due to various economic factors, including inflation and international sanctions. Currently, the maneh is divided into smaller denominations, such as the toman and the rial. One toman is equivalent to ten rials, but the term toman is often used more commonly in daily life.
The maneh is represented by the symbol "﷼" and is used in different forms, including banknotes and coins. Banknotes are available in various denominations, ranging from the 10,000 rial note to the 100,000 rial note. Coins are also in circulation, with denominations including 10, 50, 100, 250, and 500 rials.
It should be noted that the term maneh is unique to Iran and may not be widely understood or used in other Persian-speaking or non-Persian-speaking countries.
The word "Maneh" has its etymology in ancient Persia, specifically in the Old Persian language. It comes from the Old Persian word "māna", which means "a unit of weight". The term was later adopted and used in various other ancient languages, such as Aramaic and Hebrew, with a similar meaning of a unit of weight. Over time, "Maneh" has been used as a term to denote different units of weight and currency in various ancient civilizations, including the Babylonian, Median, and Achaemenid Persian empires. It eventually became a word associated with a specific amount of money, which varied depending on the time and place.