T3 RECEPTORS Meaning and Definition
T3 receptors, or triiodothyronine receptors, are proteins located inside the cells that bind with the thyroid hormone T3. T3 is one of the two main hormones produced by the thyroid gland, with the other being thyroxine (T4). These hormones are essential for regulating various processes in the body, including metabolism, growth, and development.
T3 receptors play a crucial role in mediating the effects of T3 on target cells. When T3 is released into the bloodstream by the thyroid gland, it easily crosses cell membranes and enters target cells. Inside the cells, T3 binds to specific sites on the T3 receptor proteins, triggering a series of cellular changes.
Binding of T3 to its receptors initiates gene transcription, leading to the production of proteins that regulate metabolism and other biological functions. T3 receptors are found in almost all tissues in the body, with higher concentration in organs like the liver, heart, skeletal muscles, and brain. Thus, T3 has widespread effects on various organ systems.
Dysfunction or alteration in T3 receptors can lead to imbalances in thyroid hormone levels and result in various health problems. For instance, decreased T3 receptor expression or function can lead to a condition called thyroid hormone resistance, where target cells are less responsive to T3. This can result in symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, and difficulty regulating body temperature.
In conclusion, T3 receptors are proteins that bind with the thyroid hormone T3, allowing it to exert its effects on target cells. They play a critical role in mediating the actions of thyroid hormones and are involved in the regulation of numerous bodily processes.
Frequency of the word T3 Receptors appearance in books over time
The depicted graph illustrates the occurrences of the term "T3 Receptors" in a collection of English books from 1800 to 2008.