How Do You Spell NARA PERIOD?

Pronunciation: [nˈɑːɹə pˈi͡əɹɪəd] (IPA)

The "Nara period" refers to a period in Japanese history from 710-794 CE, characterized by the introduction of Buddhism and the establishment of a centralized imperial government. The spelling of "Nara" in English uses the IPA phonetic transcription system as /nɑːrə/ to represent the long "a" sound in the first syllable, followed by a rhotic "r" sound, and a schwa vowel in the second syllable. The word is often capitalized in English to denote its historical significance.

NARA PERIOD Meaning and Definition

  1. The Nara period refers to a significant era in the history of Japan, spanning from 710 to 794 AD. It is named after the city of Nara, which served as the capital during this time. The period is characterized by the establishment and consolidation of a centralized and bureaucratic government system, known as the Ritsuryo system, which was based on Chinese models.

    During the Nara period, political power was concentrated in the hands of the emperor and his advisors, who implemented various reforms to strengthen the governance of the country. One of the most notable changes was the introduction of a census system to determine taxation and military service obligations. Moreover, a codified legal system was developed, and numerous administrative and economic policies were implemented.

    The Nara period also witnessed a flourishing of cultural and intellectual activities. Buddhism, which was introduced to Japan in the 6th century, gained significant influence during this time. Many temples and monasteries were constructed, and Buddhist doctrine and practices played an important role in shaping the society and the arts.

    Artistically, the Nara period is renowned for its exquisite Buddhist sculptures and paintings, with the distinct influence of Chinese Tang Dynasty aesthetics. Literature also thrived, and the period saw the compilation of significant works such as the "Kojiki" and the "Nihon Shoki," which collected myths and historical records of Japan.

    In conclusion, the Nara period represents a pivotal phase in Japanese history, characterized by political centralization, governmental reforms, and a flourishing of culture and arts.

Etymology of NARA PERIOD

The word "Nara" in "Nara period" refers to a historical period in Japan, known as the Nara period (奈良時代) which spanned from the year 710 to 794. The etymology of the word "Nara" itself is derived from the name of the capital city of Japan during that time, Nara (奈良).

The city of Nara was established as the capital of Japan in 710, succeeding Fujiwara-kyo as the imperial capital. It was during this period that Japan transitioned from the Asuka period to the Nara period, which is often characterized as a period of significant cultural and political growth.

The name "Nara" is believed to have originated from the ancient Chinese writings, where it was referred to as "Nan Lu". The meaning of "Nan Lu" translates to "Southern Road" or "Southern Street".