What are the antonyms for REFINEMENT?

Synonyms for REFINEMENT

Usage Examples for REFINEMENT

  1. I refer to the charms and attraction which a wild life offers to the man of civilization, more particularly when he has discovered how hollow and heartless we become under refinement. - "Monsieur Violet" by Frederick Marryat
  2. A country kaid, judging from the state of his kasbah, is possessed of no refinement, and has less sense of decency and comfort, as European ideas go, than many members of the labouring class at home. - "In the Tail of the Peacock" by Isabel Savory