Pronunciation: [pjˈuːpə͡l mˌalfɔːmˈe͡ɪʃənz] (IPA)

Pupil malformations refer to abnormalities in the size, shape or structure of the pupil, the black center of the eye. The word can be phonetically transcribed as /ˈpjupəl ˌmælfɔːrˈmeɪʃənz/. The first syllable is pronounced with the "y" sound, the "u" is silent. The stress is on the second syllable. "Mal" is pronounced with the "æ" sound, "for" with the "ɔ" sound, and "ma" with the "eɪ" sound. The final "s" is pronounced as "z". Pupil malformations can cause vision problems and may require treatment by an eye specialist.

PUPIL MALFORMATIONS Meaning and Definition

Pupil malformations refer to abnormal or irregular shapes, sizes, or structures of the pupils, which are the circular openings in the center of the iris of the eye. The iris controls the size of the pupil, adjusting it in response to different lighting conditions. Pupil malformations can occur due to various reasons and may be present from birth or develop later in life.

There are several types of pupil malformations, each with its own characteristics. Anisocoria is a condition where the two pupils differ in size, with one being larger than the other. This can be caused by nerve damage, trauma, or certain medications. Coloboma is another malformation characterized by a keyhole-shaped pupil, caused by a gap or partial absence of the iris. It can be a congenital condition or develop due to genetic factors or eye injuries.

Other pupil malformations include miosis (abnormally small pupil), mydriasis (abnormally large pupil), and corectopia (off-center pupil). These conditions may be caused by a wide range of factors, including genetic disorders, eye diseases, medications, trauma, or neurological conditions.

Pupil malformations can potentially affect vision and are often evaluated and diagnosed by ophthalmologists or eye specialists. Treatment and management options vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the malformation. Some cases may require medical intervention, such as surgery or medication, to correct or manage the malformation, while others may be managed through ongoing monitoring and regular eye examinations.

Common Misspellings for PUPIL MALFORMATIONS

  • oupil malformations
  • lupil malformations
  • -upil malformations
  • 0upil malformations
  • pypil malformations
  • phpil malformations
  • pjpil malformations
  • pipil malformations
  • p8pil malformations
  • p7pil malformations
  • puoil malformations
  • pulil malformations
  • pu-il malformations
  • pu0il malformations
  • pupul malformations
  • pupjl malformations
  • pupkl malformations
  • pupol malformations
  • pup9l malformations
  • pup8l malformations


The term "Pupil Malformations" does not have a specific etymology. It is a phrase that has been constructed by combining the words "pupil" and "malformations", both of which have their own etymologies.

1. Pupil: The word "pupil" originated from the Latin word "pupilla", meaning "little doll". It referred to the small round object in the center of the eye, which appeared like a small doll's eye. The Latin word "pupilla" came from the diminutive form of "pupa", meaning "girl" or "doll".

2. Malformations: The term "malformation" is a combination of the prefix "mal-", meaning "bad" or "abnormal", and the noun "formation", derived from the Latin word "formatio", meaning "a forming" or "a shaping".


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