The term "rukn" is an Arabic word that holds significant meaning in the context of Islamic religion and the rituals of performing the Hajj, which is one of the five pillars of Islam.
In Islamic terminology, "rukn" refers to one of the four specific corners or pillars of the Kaaba, a structure situated in the center of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The Kaaba is considered the holiest site in Islam and Muslims across the globe face this direction while praying. The four corners of the Kaaba, called "arkan al-kaaba" in Arabic, mark the boundary of the structure and denote special places of importance.
Performing the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, requires pilgrims to circumambulate the Kaaba seven times. During this act, known as "tawaf," Muslims must ensure that they pass by each of the four corners of the Kaaba, known as "rukn," on their left side. Failing to do so would invalidate the tawaf.
In addition to its significance during the Hajj, the term "rukn" is also an essential aspect of the prayers performed during the Hajj and other Islamic rituals. In certain prayers, such as the "Salat al-Tawaf," Muslims are required to offer two rak'ahs (units) of prayer behind the Maqam Ibrahim, a stone structure near one of the corners of the Kaaba, before continuing the tawaf.
Overall, "rukn" represents a foundational element of the Kaaba and holds immense spiritual and religious significance for Muslims participating in the pilgrimage and performing other rituals at this sacred site.
The word "rukn" is derived from the Arabic language. In Arabic, "rukn" (ركن) means "pillar" or "corner". It is often used to refer to one of the important pillars of Islam. Rukn is also associated with the idea of a fundamental or essential element in a structure or belief system.