SLMM stands for "Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission." It refers to an international observer mission that was established to monitor the ceasefire agreement between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) during the Sri Lankan Civil War. The SLMM was active from 2002 to 2008.
The primary objective of the SLMM was to ensure compliance with the ceasefire agreement and contribute to the overall peace process in Sri Lanka. The mission consisted of representatives from various Nordic countries, including Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland. These countries provided personnel who served as monitors on the ground. The SLMM was considered an impartial and neutral entity responsible for overseeing the adherence to the ceasefire terms by both parties involved in the conflict.
The SLMM played a crucial role in facilitating direct contact between the government and the LTTE, monitoring activities related to the ceasefire, investigating ceasefire violations, and reporting incidents to both parties. The mission was responsible for conducting patrols, inspections, and investigations to gather information on any breaches of the agreement.
The SLMM's reports and recommendations served as valuable resources for the international community and helped to maintain international attention and involvement in the Sri Lankan peace process. However, the mission faced numerous challenges and limitations, including operational restrictions, attacks on its members, and increasing hostilities on the ground. Consequently, the SLMM was officially terminated in January 2008 due to mutual agreement between the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE.