Tarbush refers to a type of traditional headgear worn mainly by men in North Africa and the Middle East. It is commonly known as a fez in English. The tarbush is typically made of red felt and is shaped like a conical hat with a flat top. It is characterized by a tassel or pompom attached to the center top of the hat, which serves as a decorative feature that often denotes a person's social status or affiliation.
The tarbush has historical and cultural significance in several countries, primarily Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Turkey, where it has been worn for centuries. It is associated with formal attire and is often worn during special occasions, religious ceremonies, and festive celebrations. The headgear symbolizes tradition, elegance, and a sense of identity.
In addition to its cultural significance, the tarbush has also become a popular fashion accessory in some Western societies. It has been adopted by certain subcultures and fashion enthusiasts who appreciate its unique style and historical connotations. The term tarbush is now commonly used to refer to any similar type of headgear, regardless of the material or color used.
Overall, the tarbush is an iconic piece of headwear that carries cultural, historical, and aesthetic meanings, making it an important symbol in various societies around the world.
The word "tarbush" is derived from the Arabic word "ṭarbūsh" (طربوش), which means a type of traditional hat commonly worn in various parts of the Middle East and North Africa. The term "ṭarbūsh" itself is thought to have originated from the Turkish word "tarpus", which refers to a similar type of hat. This Turkish word, in turn, is believed to have been borrowed from the Persian language.