Udmurt refers to a Finno-Ugric ethnic group residing predominantly in the Udmurt Republic, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Additionally, Udmurt can also denote the language spoken by this community. With a population of around 700,000 people, the Udmurts are considered one of the indigenous peoples of Russia.
The Udmurt language belongs to the Uralic language family, which includes other languages such as Finnish, Hungarian, and Estonian. It is primarily spoken in the Udmurt Republic, as well as some surrounding regions. The language has a unique structure and vocabulary, reflecting its Finno-Ugric heritage.
The Udmurt people have a rich cultural heritage, manifested in their distinctive music, dance, clothing, and art. Traditional Udmurt folklore and mythology play an essential role in their customs and rituals, which are often celebrated through traditional festivals and ceremonies.
In recent decades, Udmurt culture has experienced a revival, with increased efforts to preserve and promote its unique traditions. The Udmurt Republic has established cultural institutions, museums, and schools to help safeguard the language and traditions for future generations.
The Udmurt people have also contributed to various fields, including literature, music, and sports. Renowned Udmurt writers and musicians have gained recognition for their artistic accomplishments and have brought Udmurt culture to the wider world.
Overall, Udmurt encompasses both an ethnicity and a language and represents the vibrant cultural identity of the Udmurt people within the diverse landscape of Russia.
The word "Udmurt" is derived from the language of the Udmurt people, who are an ethnic group indigenous to the Udmurt Republic in Russia. The term "Udmurt" is derived from the Udmurt language word "ʼудмурт кыл" (udmurt kyl), which translates to "Udmurt language". The exact origin of the word "Udmurt" is uncertain, but it can be inferred that it originates from the self-designation of the Udmurt people and their language.