Pronunciation: [ˈʌdmɜːt lˈaŋɡwɪd͡ʒ] (IPA)

The Udmurt language is a Uralic language spoken by the Udmurt people in Russia. The spelling of "Udmurt" is pronounced as /ˈudmɔrt/ in IPA phonetic transcription. The "u" is pronounced as "uh", the "d" is pronounced as "d", the "m" is pronounced as "m", the "o" is pronounced as "oh", the "r" is pronounced as "r", and the "t" is pronounced as "t". It is important to use correct spelling and pronunciation to respect and honor the language and its speakers.

UDMURT LANGUAGE Meaning and Definition

  1. Udmurt language refers to a Finno-Ugric language spoken by the Udmurt people, who are a minority ethnic group primarily residing in the Udmurt Republic of Russia. The Udmurt language belongs to the Finno-Permic subgroup of the Uralic language family, which also includes Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian.

    With approximately 550,000 speakers, Udmurt is considered an endangered language. It holds official status in the Udmurt Republic alongside the Russian language. The language exhibits significant differences compared to other Uralic languages, particularly in terms of its phonetics and grammar. Udmurt is characterized by a complex system of vowel and consonant sounds, including fricatives, affricates, and nasal vowels.

    The Udmurt language employs an agglutinative grammar system, where words are modified by affixes to convey grammatical information such as case, tense, number, and possession. Nouns decline in fourteen different cases, which contributes to the rich expressiveness of the language.

    Udmurt has a long literary tradition that started in the 18th century with religious texts and later expanded to include folklore and literature. Despite efforts to promote and preserve the language, Udmurt is gradually being replaced by Russian as the language of daily communication, especially among younger generations.

    Overall, the Udmurt language represents an important cultural and linguistic heritage, embodying the identity and history of the Udmurt people.


The word "Udmurt" comes from the name of the Udmurt people, who are the indigenous people of the Udmurt Republic in Russia. It is believed that the term "Udmurt" originated from the Old Russian word "вздути" (vzduti), which means "inflated" or "swollen". This name was given to them by other neighboring Slavic peoples as they were known for wearing inflated, round fur hats. The Udmurt people refer to their language as "Удмурт кыл" (Udmurt kyl), which literally means "Udmurt speech" or "Udmurt language" in their own language.